Genesis 9:11 –
Thus I establish My covenant with you: Never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood; never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth.
In Genesis 6, we are told that creation was in dire need of a “reset.” As we learned last week in Genesis 3, Adam and Eve introduced sin into this world, and since then it has spread across all of humanity. Romans 5:12 says –
Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned.
We see this in Genesis 4 with the first murder, as Cain kills Abel. Eight generations later, we see Lamech kill a man and even boast about it. Then we get to chapter 6:1-4 and we read that the sons of God were marrying the daughters of men which some have interpreted as the intermarriage of fallen angels with humanity. Whatever *that* was, it was a detestable thing that broke the heart of God.
Genesis 6:5-7 –
Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. The Lord was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. The Lord said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them.”
Did the Father truly regret making people in His own image? Did God make a mistake in His creation? No, God’s pain is not sorrow over His mistake; His pain is sorrow over our mistake. Sin is not only offensive to God because it robs Him of the glory that He is due, but it also robs us of the joy that He designed for us. Because of this, in one fierce storm, the likes of which will never be seen again, God blotted out nearly all the life on this earth. Nearly, but not all. Because of His great mercy and grace, God preserved a remnant through one faithful servant, Noah. As we study the story of the flood today, we will see that God’s grace was extravagant, even in the midst of His righteous and terrifying judgment.
Build an Ark, Genesis 6
Genesis 6:13-19 –
Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit from the top; and set the door of the ark in the side of it; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish. But I will establish My covenant with you; and you shall enter the ark – you and your sons and your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female.
Noah is introduced in Genesis as a man that found favor in God’s eyes. The Lord informed him of His plan to flood all of creation because of humanity’s sin. However, God also tells Noah that he and his family will be spared through the construction of an enormous ark. Noah is given a baffling instruction to build this enormous sea vessel in the middle of the desert.
I’ve received some strange requests in my life. Usually they come from my wife as I’m driving past the grocery store. “Can you pick up some basil, orange juice, and broccoli?” I have no idea what she’s making for dinner.
I’ve also heard some strange requests from God in my life. When I was earnestly seeking Him for the first time at the ripe old age of 38, God sent me to Singapore. I’m sure there was someplace closer where I could find Him.
But Noah’s request was much stranger. The Lord asked Noah to build a boat longer than a football field, including both end zones, and four stories tall. Noah’s neighbors must have thought he’d lost his mind.
Noah is appointed ship-maker, captain, and zookeeper all at once. He is told that at the appointed time, God will lead two of every kind of creature into this boat to ensure the future repopulation of the earth. But the ark was so large that even with all those animals, there was still room to fit more people. All the while Noah was building, Noah was also preaching for others to be saved.
God Offers Grace Before Judgement, Genesis 7
In 2 Peter 2:5, Peter says Noah was a “herald of righteousness.” All the while Noah spent in construction of the ark, Noah also proclaimed God’s righteous plan to his neighbors. Noah surely explained that God was angry and that He was going to pour out His wrath through a worldwide flood. Noah must have pointed to the massive ark under construction as God’s visible offer of salvation. But only the eight people in Noah’s family boarded the boat as passengers. No one believed his story. No one repented. No one asked to be on that boat with him before the storm.
You know, this story of Noah continues today. Every day, people ignore a Noah in their life and the salvation of the ark. God sends “Noahs” all the time. Sometimes they are friends, family members, or colleagues. Other times they are preachers or missionaries. They all are used by God as His “heralds,” proclaiming the hellfire and brimstone to come, but they also point to an ark as a means of salvation.
What is our ark? Where is our salvation? Where does my help come from? My help comes from the Lord and in the finished work of Jesus Christ. Through faith in Jesus’ substitutionary death and resurrection, we can be protected from the wrath of God that is to come. We are offered a new life filled with hope, just like Noah.
Noah’s friends and neighbors were given plenty time to think about Noah’s message and accept his offer. But eventually the window of opportunity closed, and the floodwaters came. And today? 2 Peter 3 tells us the world we know will eventually end in fire when that window of opportunity closes. When will that be? 2 Peter 3:8-9 says,
But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years like one day. The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance.
Peter says Jesus has not returned yet because He is giving us additional time to get on “our ark.” For most of us, we don’t have 1000 years. Statistics say I have less than 40 years left. But many ignore the messengers and the message of the salvation found in Jesus. The story of Noah reminds us that the window of opportunity will eventually come to a close. Genesis 7:11-16,
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened. The rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights. On the very same day Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them, entered the ark, they and every beast after its kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, all sorts of birds. So they went into the ark to Noah, by twos of all flesh in which was the breath of life. Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered as God had commanded him; and the Lord closed it behind him.
After years of construction, God fulfilled His promise. The floodwaters came for 40 days and 40 nights. But the water did not just come from the “top-down,” it came from the “bottom-up” as the “fountains of the great deep. The earth began to gush with water and the earth began to accumulate water at a rate never seen before or since. Water topped even the highest of the mountains and there was no salvation available apart from the ark. People on the outside quickly learned that even the patience of God has a limit.
God generously gave years for people to heed Noah’s warnings, but the day came where His warnings were over. Instead of hearing about God’s wrath, people began to witness it for themselves. And God’s last word to them was not in the form of a sentence. It came through the form of divine action: He shut the door of the ark.
First, God shut the door to protect those who were inside. God had promised Noah and his family salvation through the ark. God personally sealing the door was a powerful message to Noah that God was present and in control. Likewise, God follows through with His promise of salvation for those who are in Christ Jesus. Paul tells us in Ephesians 1:13-14
In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His glory.
When we step into our ark, by grace and through faith in Jesus Christ, God likewise seals us with the presence of His Holy Spirit. God is with us in the future storms of this life and that our salvation is safe and secure. Nothing can break through and rob us of the salvation that we have accepted from Him through faith. Our salvation is in good hands.
Secondly, God shut the door because time was up. Jesus says in Matthew 24:38 that just days before the flood, people were eating, drinking, marrying, and celebrating. Despite the forewarnings, they were caught completely off guard by the raging storm. Maybe they ran to that boat in desperation when they saw the waters begin to rise. But they could not enter the ark because God’s grace had a time limit. They now believed Noah’s warnings, but it was simply too late. Faith is the key to opening up the door to salvation. Hebrews 11:6a says
And without faith it is impossible to please God.
When we die or when Christ returns (whichever comes first), there is no longer room for faith because even the ungodly will see the wrath of God firsthand. The door to our own ark, salvation, will close.
So, God shuts the door and the rain came. For 40 days and 40 nights, the heavens are opened and creation experienced a torrential downpour. Finally after 40 days, God closed the heavens but water continued to rise for 150 days. As the water finally started to peak, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. On that mountain, Noah’s family had to wait seven more months for the water to recede fully. In total, they spent a little over a year on that ark together.
A Fresh Start, Genesis 8:15-22
Genesis 8 begins with the floodwaters receding and Noah seeing if it was safe to exit the ark. Then in verse 15, God gives the all-clear signal –
Then God said to Noah, “Come out of the ark, you and your wife and your sons and their wives. Bring out every kind of living creature that is with you—the birds, the animals, and all the creatures that move along the ground—so they can multiply on the earth and be fruitful and increase in number on it.”
When God created the heavens and the earth, God’s command to both the animals and then later to man and woman was to multiply and be fruitful. We can see here that God still desires the best for us, despite our sinful nature. He still wants us the be fruitful and multiply. Why did God pick Noah? Out of the vast sea of humanity that lived during that time, why Noah? I think one of Noah’s first actions after leaving the ark demonstrated why God loved him. Noah built an altar to the Lord in verse 20 –
Then Noah built an altar to the Lord and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. The Lord smelled the pleasing aroma and said in his heart: “Never again will I curse the ground because of humans, even though every inclination of the human heart is evil from childhood. And never again will I destroy all living creatures, as I have done.
Don’t get confused where this sacrifice came from – we remember the story from our childhood that the animals were brought aboard the ark two by two. But if you back up to the beginning of chapter 7, you’ll see that for some animals, more than a single pair were brought on board. For “clean” animals, those that have a split hoof or chew the cud such as cattle, deer, goats and sheep, there were actually 7 pairs of animals brought on board.
So Noah’s gratitude and admirations of God’s greatness led him to offer a sacrifice. A sacrifice, by definition, should cost us something. Noah too what little he had, and with only 7 of each clean animal that was worthy of sacrifice, Noah risked extinction by sacrificing some of the animals.
But costly sacrifice is pleasing to God. It’s not the amount; large quantities don’t please God. Remember Jesus at the temple, watching wealthy people bringing their tithes, when a widow brings two pennies, all she had, to give? God wants our heart, our soul, our mind, our strength. The bible also says (Romans 12:1) that we should present our bodies as a living sacrifice, that giving of our resources is a sacrifice (Philippians 4:18), and that we should give the sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15).
God doesn’t need our sacrifices. God isn’t greedy, God doesn’t want to just take stuff from us. But God sacrificed Himself to us at great cost (Ephesians 5:2, Hebrews 9:26, Hebrews 10:12), and He wants us to be conformed in the image of Jesus Christ who made the ultimate sacrifice. He wants us to learn to give sacrificially. He wants us to learn to give away that which we cannot keep. Paul wrote in Ephesians 5:2, we should be like Jesus in this regard:
And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us and given Himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling aroma.
We have an example in David, a man after God’s own heart, who said in 2 Samuel 24:24 that he would never make offerings to God that which costs him nothing. The burnt offerings of Noah risked what little he had after the flood, and the sacrifice pleased the Lord.
The Covering of Blood, Genesis 9:4-6
Then in the beginning of Genesis 9, God makes some changes to man’s relationship with nature. In Genesis 9:1-3,
Then God blessed Noah and his sons, saying to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the earth. The fear and dread of you will fall on all the beasts of the earth, and on all the birds in the sky, on every creature that moves along the ground, and on all the fish in the sea; they are given into your hands. Everything that lives and moves about will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything.
Up to this point in time, I presume, we were all vegetarians and lived in peace with all animals. And animals will now live in fear of us. It reminds me of the days in the future when animals will all live in peace again. In Isaiah 11, one of the Messianic Prophecies, we read that when Jesus again rules, the wolf will live with the lamb in peace.
But God has a restriction; the animals may be eaten, but not the blood of the animals. In the blood is life, and lifeblood is important to man and God. The same restrictions are given in more detail later in Leviticus 17 and Deuteronomy 12.
The importance of blood to the Lord is shown by how often the word is used in the bible. In the New King James version, it is used 424 times in 357 separate verses (in the New King James Version). That blood represents life can be shown in the following passages –
- Blood was the sign of mercy for Israel at the first Passover (Exodus 12:13)
- Blood sealed God’s covenant with Israel (Exodus 24:8)
- Blood sanctified the altar (Exodus 29:12)
- Blood set aside the priests (Exodus 29:20)
- Blood made atonement for God’s people (Exodus 30:10)
- Blood sealed the new covenant (Matthew 26:28)
- Blood justifies us (Romans 5:9)
- Blood brings redemption (Ephesians 1:7)
- Blood brings peace with God (Colossians 1:20)
- Blood cleanses us (Hebrews 9:14 and 1 John 1:7)
- Blood gives entrance to God’s holy place (Hebrews 10:19)
- Blood sanctifies us (Hebrews 13:12)
- Blood enables us to overcome Satan (Revelation 12:11)
The covering of innocent blood has been given to those who accept the ultimate sacrifice and blood atonement of Christ Jesus.
The Covenant, Genesis 9:8-17
After Noah’s altar and sacrifice, God creates a covenant with Noah. Genesis 9:8-11,
Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him: “I now establish my covenant with you and with your descendants after you and with every living creature that was with you – the birds, the livestock and all the wild animals, all those that came out of the ark with you – every living creature on earth. I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be destroyed by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth.”
God established a covenant with mankind (Noah and all of his descendants), and even with the animals. God promised He would never again destroy all life with a flood or cover the earth with a flood to eradicate evil. However, we are approaching what Matthew called “the Days of Noah,” Matthew 24:36-39,
“But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.”
When we reach the “days of Noah,” and God’s patience reaches its perfection, then God will again destroy earth – but by fire, not by flood (2 Peter 3:3-7) –
Above all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our ancestors died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.” But they deliberately forget that long ago by God’s word the heavens came into being and the earth was formed out of water and by water. By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed. By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of the ungodly.
Then in Genesis 9:12-17, God provides a sign of His covenant:
And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come: I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth. Whenever I bring clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy all life. Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and all living creatures of every kind on the earth.”
So God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant I have established between me and all life on the earth.”
Every time we see a rainbow, we should remember the faithfulness of God and every one of His promises. He even says His covenant of peace with us is just as sure as His covenant with Noah and all generations. Isaiah 54:9-10,
For this is like the waters of Noah to Me; for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah would no longer cover the earth, so have I sworn that I would not be angry with you, nor rebuke you. For the mountains shall depart and the hills be removed, but My kindness shall not depart from you, nor shall My covenant of peace be removed, says the Lord, who has mercy on you.
The other mentions of a rainbow in the Bible are set in the context of God’s enthroned glory. Rainbows are mentioned in Ezekiel 1:28, Revelation 4:3, and Revelation 10:1. It is amazing to see God, in His glory, setting so close to Himself a reminder of His promise to man.
What exactly, is a covenant, and why is a covenant important? For people, we think of a covenant as a contract. It is an agreement between two people and involves promises for both people involved in the contract.
The concept of a covenant between God and His people is one of the central themes of the Bible. In the biblical sense, a covenant implies much more than a contract or a simple agreement between two parties. The word for “covenant” comes from a Hebrew word that means “to cut” or “to bind”.
It is remarkable that God is holy, omniscient, and omnipotent, but He consents to enter into covenant with man, who is feeble, sinful, and flawed.
The covenant with Noah was sealed with a rainbow, a reminder that God would never again flood the earth and destroy every living thing. Many centuries later, the New Covenant was sealed with blood, a reminder that God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten son so that you and I could live. Noah had a fresh start – the evil that surrounded him, that taunted him while he built the ark was gone. Noah’s heart for the Lord led him to worship and praise.
But you and I have that same fresh start. Like the evil men that surrounded Noah, we too, were once surrounded, unable to escape. Like the flood that destroyed the evil, we are baptized into Christ and our sins are washed away. And every day is a fresh start, a new sunrise, a new beginning with our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.
A rainbow is a sign of God’s forgiveness, but then again, so are we. We are a sign of God’s forgiveness and grace. Forgive one another as God forgives us. Extend grace to one another as God has given us grace. Love one another as God loves us. Arise and greet the new day every day and approach it with confidence, knowing that we are symbols of God’s grace and mercy to this fallen world.
Accept the new beginning and the promise that is in Christ Jesus.
To God be the glory.